Budget: $10.7 billion
Active frontline personnel: 290,000
Total aircraft: 804
Threatened by China, which continues to have plans for how to invade and retake the country, Taiwan has focused its military development on defensive plans. As such, the island has the fifth-highest number of attack helicopters on the list. It also has a fairly large fleet of aircraft and a number of tanks.
A trainee leopard-crawls along a 50-meter-long path of jagged coral and rocks as part of the Taiwan marines' frogmen "Road to Heaven" test in Zuoying, Kaohsiung, on January 19, 2011. The test is the final stage of a nine-week intensive amphibious training program.